Sports injuries commonly occur to those who are engaged in sports or exercise. Sports injuries may occur due to overtraining or lack of improper form or technique. Failing to warm up increases the risk of sports injuries. Bruises, strains, sprains, tears, and broken bones can result from sports injuries. Soft tissues like muscles, ligaments, tendons, fascia, and bursae may be affected.
Muscle strain is also known as pulled muscle. It usually occurs when a muscle is overstretched or tears. Symptoms of a muscle strain may include pain, swelling, weakness, and difficulty or inability to use the muscle. Muscles in the quadriceps, the calves, hamstrings, groin, low back, and shoulder are the most common sites for muscles strain. Minor muscle strains resolve with RICE -- Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may help manage pain and swelling as well. More serious muscle strains require evaluation and treatment by a doctor.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) holds the knee joint together and provides stability. A torn ACL is a sports injury that usually occurs while landing the wrong way, stopping quickly, or direct blow to the knee. Pain, swelling, and loss of range of motion are symptoms of a torn ACL. A torn ACL needs to be reconstructed surgically, usually using a graft from another ligament in the patient's own body. Significant rehabilitation is necessary to restore the strength and function of the knee joint after surgery.
A stress fracture occurs when muscles are no longer able to absorb the impact from physical activity, and a bone absorbs the pressure, resulting in a break. The majority of stress fractures occur in the lower legs and feet. Stress fractures cause pain with activity. Rest is prescribed to allow a stress fracture to heal. Sometimes a special shoe or a brace helps decrease stress on the bone, which facilitates healing.
A sprained ankle occurs when the ligaments that hold the ankle become overstretched. Ankle sprains may occur while playing sports or doing everyday activities like Stepping wrong on an uneven surface or in a way that twists or rolls the foot. Sprains and the pain they cause may range from mild to severe. RICE -- rest, ice, compression, and elevation -- are used to treat ankle sprains
Tennis elbow is an injury that may be occur while playing racket sports. Plumbers, painters and sports person professions are also at risk. Tennis elbow involves inflammation of the tendons of the elbow caused by small tears.
Runner's knee is also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome. it occurs when tendons, joint lining (synovia) or other soft tissues of the knee become irritated. In addition to pain, runner's knee may lead to popping and cracking. Switching to activities that do not stress knee joints may reduce problems. RICE – rest, ice, compression, and elevation – may help. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), physical therapy, and orthotics may provide relief. Rarely, surgery may be an option for severe cases that have not responded to other treatments.
Sports Injury Prevention
Physical activity is an important part of maintaining overall health. However, using the correct equipment and maintaining equipment can help prevent sports injuries. Wearing the recommended protective gear can helps the body against injury. Resting between workouts gives the time to rest and repair. Starting activity slowly and gradually increasing strength, flexibility, and endurance gives muscles, bones, and other tissues to adapt to more difficult workouts, minimizing the risk of injury. Finally backing off at the first signs of pain, discomfort, stress, will help to reduce the risk of sports injuries.